Laparoscopy

WHAT IS DIAGNOSTIC LAPAROSCOPY?
A laparoscope may be a telescope designed for medical use. it’s connected to a high-intensity light and a high-resolution monitor. in order that the surgeon can see inside your abdomen, a hollow tube (port) is placed through your wall, and therefore the laparoscope is inserted into the port. The image inside your abdomen is seen on the monitor. In most cases, this procedure (operation) may diagnose or help discover what the abdominal problem is.
WHY DIAGNOSTIC LAPAROSCOPY IS PERFORMED?
Abdominal pain.
Laparoscopy features a role within the diagnosis of acute and chronic abdominal pain. There are many causes of abdominal pain. it’s utilized in patients with irritable bowel disease to exclude other causes of abdominal pain. Surgeons can often diagnose the explanation for abdominal pain and, during an equivalent procedure, correct the matter.
Abdominal mass
A patient may have a lump (mass or tumor), which the doctor, the patient can feel or see on an x-ray. Most masses require a definitive diagnosis before recommending proper therapy or treatment. Laparoscopy is one of the techniques available for your doctor to seem directly at the mass and acquire tissue to get the diagnosis.
Ascites
The presence of fluid within the abdomen is named ascites. Sometimes, the explanation for this fluid accumulation can’t be found without examining the abdomen, which may often be achieved with laparoscopy.
Liver disease
Non-invasive imaging techniques, like ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) and resonance imaging (MRI) can discover a mass inside or on the surface of the liver. If non-invasive images cannot give your doctor enough information, a liver biopsy could also be necessary to determine the diagnosis. Diagnostic laparoscopy is one of the safest and most accurate ways to get tissue for diagnosis. In other words, it’s particular thanks to collect a biopsy to require a sample of the liver or mass without actually opening the abdomen.
“Second look” procedure or staging of cancer.
Your doctor may have information about the status of a previously treated disease, like cancer. this might occur after treatment with some sorts of chemotherapy or before starting more chemotherapy. additionally, information is often provided by diagnostic laparoscopy before planning a proper examination of the abdomen, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

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