Hysteroscopy may be a minimally invasive surgery to ascertain inside the uterus. Hysteroscopy is performed by inserting a viewfinder through the vagina and into the cervical opening. Hysteroscopy allows visualization of the inside of the uterus, including openings to the fallopian tubes, also as an interrogation of the cervix, canalis cervicis uteri and vagina.
Why maybe a hysteroscopy is done?
Hysteroscopy is often performed for both diagnosis and treatment (therapeutic). Hysteroscopy is one among several procedures that your doctor may recommend to gauge or treat abnormalities of the uterus or cervix. Since hysteroscopy examines the liner and inside the uterus, it’s not suitable for assessing problems within the muscular wall or on the outer surface of the uterus.
Hysteroscopy could also be recommended as a step within the evaluation of a variety of gynecological problems, including:
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Retained placenta or products of conception after a spontaneous birth or abortion
Congenital (congenital) anatomical abnormalities of the feminine genital tract
Healing, or adhesions, of previous uterine surgeries or instrumentation like dilation and curettage (D&C)
Polyps or fibroid tumors within the canalis cervicis uteri or inside the cavity
Hysteroscopy is often wont to help determine the situation of abnormalities within the uterine lining for sampling and biopsy and maybe wont to perform surgical sterilization. How is hysteroscopy performed? What are the types?
There are several different sizes and kinds of hysteroscopes available, counting on the sort of procedure required. Some hysteroscopes are combined with instruments that allow surgical manipulation and tissue removal if necessary.
Hysteroscopy is often performed during an outpatient surgery center or within the OR of a hospital or in a doctor’s office. Several different methods are often used for anesthesia and pain control, counting on the individual situation. Sometimes, hysteroscopy with narrow-diameter hysteroscopes that don’t require cervical opening dilation is often performed without anesthesia. In other cases, an area anesthetic is often applied topically or given by injection. In certain cases, regional or general anesthetic could also be recommended.
A vaginal speculum is usually inserted before the procedure to facilitate the insertion of the hysteroscope through the cavity. counting on the precise sort of hysteroscope used, dilation of the cervical opening with surgical instruments could also be necessary. After insertion of the hysteroscope, liquid or gas is injected to dilate the cavity and permit better visualization.