The time of the month that your menstrual cycle occurs is an important thing to expect if you are trying to conceive. The cycle generally lasts 28 to 32 days, and your body releases an egg after 12 to 16 days. This is when ovulation occurs where your body is preparing to become pregnant while your menstrual cycle is still on.
The follicle in your ovary releases the egg. This egg then descends into the fallopian tube to meet sperm. And when this doesn’t happen, the egg dies and leaves the body along with the uterine wall during its period.
If you are trying to get pregnant, it is important that you know when you are ovulating to increase your chances of pregnancy.
So how do you know when you are most fertile or ovulating during that time of the month? Here are four main signs to look for.
Cramps are a common sign. Everyone experiences them, although at different intensities when they are having their period. Similarly, you may experience cramps during ovulation. While some women experience pain in the pelvic region, others may have pain in the lower back.
If you are someone whose lower back and lower leg pain may be a sign that ovulation cramps are stronger.
Although the exact cause of ovulation cramps is unknown, many theories suggest that it may be due to stretching of the follicles before releasing the egg. Another theory is that it may be due to rupture of the follicle by releasing the egg.
When the follicle breaks, it releases a liquid that can irritate the lining of the abdomen and cause pain.
Your vaginal discharge varies between when you are ovulating and when you are not. You may notice that it is thicker than usual and also in more quantity. This results in higher levels of estrogen in your body. And when does estrogen increase in the body? Exactly when the uterus is being prepared for a baby. The discharge returns to normal after a few days.
While high estrogen levels sound like good news, it does have its downsides – your breasts become sore. This is something you might have experienced just before or during your period.
The reason behind sore breasts is the extra estrogen that causes the milk ducts and breast glands to swell a little and make them feel a little tender.
This is another drawback that you may notice while ovulating. It may feel a little warmer. This is all due to your hormones. Progesterone is secreted when the body releases an egg. This could cause your body temperature to rise slightly for a few days. If you have been trying to get pregnant, your temperature may be a sign of when you are most fertile.
When are any of these NOT normal?
While all of these may be signs that you are at your most fertile point, they can also lead to other medical problems.
If your cramps are persistent and your pelvic region hurts, it could be a sign of a serious condition. You should consult your doctor.
Endometriosis is another reason for you to experience constant pain. It is a chronic condition that occurs when tissue that functions as the lining of the uterus is located outside the uterus in areas of the body, including the ovaries, abdomen, fallopian tubes, and bladder.
Women who have endometriosis often find their periods exhausting.
PCOS is another cause of pelvic pain.
It occurs when the sacs of the ovaries cannot release an egg, which means that ovulation does not occur.
Getting pregnant in these cases is generally impossible since there are no eggs released in the fallopian tube ready to be fertilized.
This condition can also lead to missed periods, making it difficult for you to get pregnant.
Inflammatory disease is another condition that can cause pain in the pelvic region, called pelvic inflammatory disease.
Symptoms include fever, lower abdomen, pain or bleeding during intercourse, unusual discharge, pain when urinating, and bleeding between periods.