Laparoscopy refers to the technique or method by which surgical procedures access the body cavities without making large cuts in the body. The method is a form of minimal access surgery that has increased in popularity in recent times for most thoracic and abdominal operations. This method is also being used in an increasing number of other surgical procedures and medical conditions. One of those medical conditions is infertility, and laparoscopy plays an essential role in different cases and conditions.
Let’s look at four cases or conditions where laparoscopy can be used to treat infertility.
Lysis of adhesions
Scar tissue in the uterus can be a problem for women trying to conceive. Adhesion lysis is a procedure in which scar tissue is removed in the uterus or outside the uterus in the abdominal cavity. This procedure is best done with minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopic surgery or hysteroscopy. Performing laparoscopy helps reduce the risk of additional adhesions that will form after resection. It will also help increase fertility chances in the future and prevent further complications from uterine adhesions.
Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue (the inner lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This abnormal growth can cause severe pain, heavy periods, and sometimes can also lead to infertility. This extra tissue can cause scarring and swelling. creating a hostile environment for eggs and sperm to survive. This tissue can destroy the ovaries, cause adhesions to the tube. Minimally invasive laparoscopy for infertility can help in a situation like this by cauterizing, laser, or removing lesions. caused by endometriosis.
A cystectomy is a process that removes cysts from one or both of a woman’s ovaries. It is a minimally invasive laparoscopy procedure. Ovarian cysts can disrupt ovulation and cause mechanical compressors to the tubes. A doctor may suggest removing overgrown cysts. In some cases, the doctor may also suggest an ultrasound-guided needle procedure to drain the cyst. Unlike other treatments, minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery is a much better option, as it only requires a small incision, less pain, and eliminates cysts while keeping the ovaries and surrounding muscles intact
This procedure helps to remove fibroids from the uterus. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that form during a woman’s childbirth years. Due to fibroids, one experiences severe pelvic pain and irregular periods. Also, fibroids can cause blockage in the uterus, which can cause more complications during conception. Under such conditions, it can be difficult for an embryo to implant in the uterus. The myomectomy procedure can be performed with minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery for infertility. This can reduce the risk of scar tissue, heavy blood loss, and other complications with delivery that usually occur in open surgeries.
The above four cases are excellent examples of how minimally invasive procedures can help in medical conditions. Laparoscopic surgery is an excellent option for women who have trouble conceiving and want to avoid more complications from major surgeries.